“These practices continue to take their toll and if left unchecked will cause significant economic and ecological decline,” says Dr. Mark Spalding, Senior Marine Scientist at The Nature Conservancy and co-author of the report. "Whoever is responsible for this, however mighty, must be brought to book," he said. “The variation between countries can be mostly attributed to national policies and legal protection,” says co-author Zafar Adeel, director of UNU-INWEH. Mangroves provide rot resistant, high value timber and excellent fuelwood which has been harvested in sustainable silviculture programmes in some countries for over 120 years. And it offers recommendations to improve legal and policy frameworks, mangrove management tools, data and information collection, economic incentives to promote more environmentally-responsible behavior and local livelihoods, recognition of the full value of mangrove ecosystem goods and services, including as carbon stores and sinks, and co-ordinated global action under agreements related to biodiversity, wetlands, sustainable development and climate change. One study cited in the policy brief shows that planting and protecting nearly 12,000 hectares of mangroves in Vietnam cost just over US$1 million but saved annual expenditures on dyke maintenance of well over US$7 million. Environmental group NatConnect Foundation has requested the Mangrove Foundation to encourage a similar project in Uran and educate people on conserving them. With fewer winters experiencing extended periods of freezing temperatures, the black mangrove has been expanding in south Louisiana for the past 20 years. A correspondent |, First Published: 26 November, 2020 07:36 IST, Mumbai: Green activists see red as debris invades Uran wetland, Another railway corridor, more forest to be diversified in Maharashtra, Civic body must prove transplant of trees works, Anita Hassanandani: Work can wait, baby is my first priority, Cops posing as engineers nab thief who fled with Rs 76-lakh drill, Bharat Bandh: Updates from around the country, 24 rare photos of Dharmendra that will make you nostalgic. In many settings mangroves act as a form of natural coastal defence, reducing erosion, attenuating waves and even reducing the height of storm surges. Meanwhile, the Matang Mangrove Forest Reserve in Malaysia, is cited as arguably the world’s best example of a sustainably-managed mangrove ecosystem. Nearshore fisheries among mangroves are well documented and of critical importance to many communities, but many large-scale fisheries, such as commercial offshore shrimp fisheries are also highly dependent on mangroves as nursery or breeding grounds. Reduce stormwater runoff. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. Black mangroves are most common in hammock wetlands and basin swamps. Despite the state government and High Court-appointed mangrove protection and conservation committee ordering transfer of all mangroves to the Forest Department (they are in the jurisdiction of collectors, etc), they have not been handed over so far, Kumar pointed out. It was co-written by Hanneke Van Lavieren, Mark Spalding, Dan Alongi, Mami Kainuma, Miguel Clüsener-Godt, and Zafar Adeel. This policy brief was based on the World Atlas of Mangroves (2010), published by Earthscan as an output of a joint project which was primarily funded by the International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO) through the Japanese Government, and implemented by the International Society for Mangrove Ecosystems (ISME) since 2005 in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), UNEP-World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), UNESCO-Man and Biosphere programme (UNESCO-MAB), UNU-Institute for Water Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) and The Nature Conservancy (TNC).     Online, 2021•01•18 Legislation on state and local levels has been enacted, protecting mangroves from direct human damage. Sri Lanka will be the first nation in the world to protect all its mangroves. Nandakumar Pawar, head of Shri Ekvira Aai Pratishtan, said mangroves over at least 20 acres, off NH 348, have been killed with the dumping of hundreds of truckloads of debris and earth. organisation Only non-destructive forestry, fishing, and aquaculture practices are permitted. Experts are urging policy makers to preserve mangroves and their essential services to nature and humanity alike, saying their replacement with shrimp farms and other forms of development is a bad economic tradeoff both short and long-term. For more information, media representatives may contact Terry Collins, UNU-INWEH Communications Adviser (Terry.Collins@unu.edu; 416-538-8712). Mangrove forests were once generally dismissed as swampy wastelands. “We have a clear understanding of the management interventions required to secure their future. The report says economic valuations of mangrove ecosystem goods and services provide some of the most powerful arguments for effective mangrove management. A significant volume of floodwater gets diverted to these swamps before they reach the dry land and claim the lives of people and destroy property. However, “reversing the trends of mangrove loss and of growing vulnerability of coastal peoples will require a real commitment by governments to develop and implement robust high-level policies,” the report concludes. Losses are being driven by a suite of other human threats as well, however, including over-harvesting and deforestation; agricultural, urban and industrial runoff; oil spills; and poorly managed dredging and coastal development. Have you seen these candid pictures of Sharmila Tagore? UNESCO has also recognized the Sundarbans National Park of India and The Sundarbans of Bangladesh as World … “There is now a growing awareness of the importance of mangroves and government and community-led efforts are under way to restore or replant mangroves, and to improve legal systems to regulate future use.”. “Such large-scale conversion has had major negative environmental impacts, including collapses in wild fisheries. Grassroots. Copyright © 2020 Mid-Day Infomedia Ltd. All Rights Reserved. They educate the public regarding the vital role that mangroves play and provide training to communities enabling them to protect and sustainably manage their mangrove resources. Summary: Mangrove Swamps are very important, because they support a lot of life in the ecosystem and are one of the common sights on tropical shores. It is also said the mangrove safari and eco-tourism will help local socio-economic development. The government has done nothing to rehabilitate or compensate us. Annual value of the forest products between 2000 and 2009 was estimated at roughly US$ 12.3 million, with cockle aquaculture adding an estimated annual value US$ 10.7 million. The Mangrove Trimming and Preservation Act was enacted in the state of Florida to regulate the alteration of mangroves. NatConnect Foundation officials feel that if the safari comes up, then school and college students could see the mangroves and it would make a huge difference in terms of preserving the biodiversity. Red mangroves have dense roots and are found along coastal edges that face the sea. For more than 30 years, a community in the central Philippines has been actively involved in reforesting and protecting a mangrove site, which has … Manual on Mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds (2.92 MB) 2. Global efforts also exist to protect reefs. “When the full suite of ecosystem services from mangroves can be assessed the arguments for maintaining healthy mangrove forests are usually compelling.”. The government has done nothing to rehabilitate or compensate us. others. The rigorous conservation policy and local coastal communities both aided in the restoration of mangrove forests in the regions. Among the recommendations are several relating mangroves to the climate change issue: The World Atlas of Mangroves documents over 3,840 square km worth of restoration projects worldwide and “there are doubtless many more,” notes Dr. Spalding, who was lead author of the Atlas.     Kanazawa, 2020•11•20 In Australia, Bangladesh, Cuba, Suriname, and French Guiana, the extent of loss has been kept to less than 1% over the same period. "Mangrove safaris do help make people understand the importance of mangroves in protecting the coasts and the environment," he said. Over the longer term, they can also help to build or maintain elevation in the face of rising seas. For example, the UN Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that Pakistan, Honduras, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Vietnam, Sierra Leone and El Salvador each lost more than 40% of their 1980 coverage by 2005. The term mangal is used by researchers, authors, and the general public in the United Kingdom and other countries. “Rare and critically important mangrove forests continue to be lost at a rate three to five times higher than that for global forests. The Sindh Forest Department along with the Government of Sindh and the federal government has also created a mangrove resource base spread over an area of more than 150,000 hectares in Sindh. In a region where fishing in and around mangroves is a critical activity providing food and income for millions of people, the socio-economic impacts of this conversion have been tremendous,” adds Ms. Van Lavieren, Coastal Zones Programme Officer at UNU’s Canadian-based Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH). Limited losses have occurred in East Africa, with only an 8% decline between 1980 and 2005.     Online, 2020•12•14 Specific examples of the economic value of healthy mangroves include prawns harvested in Australia across the wide shallow coastal shelf areas off both the Northern Territories and Queensland — one of the country’s most valuable export fisheries, earning almost US $72 million annually. Oil spills cause damage to mangroves by coating roots, limiting the transport of oxygen to underground roots. 17. The swamps have just been destroyed, in just one day, in order to clear the way to building a tourist complex, as people protest to attempt to save the wildlife. A breakthrough success is the re-introduction of Rhizophora mucronata into the Indus Delta, which had become extinct there. Established in 1902, it covers an area of about 500 square km, approximately 73% of which is considered productive forest while the rest is classified as non-productive or protected. The Foundation has also demanded that the environment and tourism minister, the collector, the local MP and MLAs pool in funds at their disposal and create employment and income generating schemes for the fishing folk. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our, Updated: 26 November, 2020 08:08 IST | How does mangrove protect the coast Mangroves play a role in protecting the coastline against erosion caused by wind, waves, and currents, reducing the impact of storms and hurricanes. Conversion of mangroves for coastal aquaculture is the foremost driver of mangrove loss, the report says. Known by reporter, Almudena Serpis as “one of Cancun’s last wild nature enclaves,” these mangroves were literally torn apart in a single day. Harvesting of mangrove timber for poles, firewood, and charcoal production, occurs on a 30 year rotation cycle. That’s where the Mangrove Action Project comes in, their mission is to restore and conserve mangroves ecosystems worldwide. That condition is expected to continue into the future as climate change continues warming winters and producing drought conditions. “This case provides evidence that mangrove forests can be conserved and enjoyed while still providing reliable long-term but reasonably high economic return for local and larger communities,” according to Dr. Spalding. 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