. Over three million rural Ghanaians depend on the forest to survive. It provides 43% of the Gross Domestic Product, 50% of export earnings and 70% of total employment. More forest statistics for Ghana Ghana has one of the stronger economies of sub-Sahara Africa due to its array of natural resources. Reforestation also promotes tourism. Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of environmental quality. There are tall trees of varying heights, forming a closed canopy at the top, … This is as a result of high incidence of illegal chainsaw logging, legal harvest and illegal mining popularly known as “Galamsey” in Ghana. 34 (1), 2018, 49 – 70 53 ! Forest conservation as the name suggests is the preservation and the protection of forests. document.write(''); living in their natural habitat. Ghana is geographically located in the tropics, endowed with diverse natural resources. © 2020 All Rights Reserved Citi Newsroom. It is made up of the Guinea savannah and Sudan savannah. There are various formations their subdivisions were defined by UNESCO in 1973. The arrival of recycled timber as a construction product has been important in both raising industry and consumer awareness towards deforestation and promoting timber mills to adopt more environmentally friendly practices. Traditional knowledge and consumption of forest plant foods in Ghana S. B. Acquah et al. The Ghanaian forests broadly fall into two vegetation zones, each with different vegetation and forest types: the High Forest Zone in the South covering 34% and the Savannah Zone in the North covering 66% of the land area (MLNR, 2012). Law enforcement In 1988 Ghana initiated a conservation plan called the Forest Resource Management Project. Forests cover about one-third of Ghana’s total area. // End --> Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of environmental quality. To the southeast, the Akwapim Togo Mountains (ATM) make up Ghana… Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Ghana has some 1185 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Ghana has signed up to most international environmental laws and protocol. can be consumed as a drink and (7) “carbohydrates” i.e. The increase in vegetation cover from 2002 to 2017 could be significantly associated with the national forest plantation development programme (NFPDP) launched by the Ghana government in 2001 to foster the development of a sustainable forest resource base that will satisfy future demand for industrial timber and enhance environmental quality. These include, though not limited to: Agriculture activities, Harvesting of wood (both legal and illegal), Mining (both legal and illegal) and Bush burning Recycled timber is an environmentally friendly product and should be encouraged. CitiNewsroom.com is Ghana's leading news website that delivers high quality innovative, alternative news that challenges the status quo. The present state of Ghana’s forest is a wakeup call for every well-meaning human being who values life as wealth. Ghana is known for its diverse animal life, miles of sandy beaches along a picturesque coast, and beautiful forests covering more than 21% of the country. Another important land cover change in Ghana is the degradation of forest. 8.2 What is the value of other forests products harvested? The trees in this area are scattered and mainly found near river courses and the edge of the forest. Following are some points illustrating the importance of forests: Forests help in maintaining the water cycle on earth. A century ago, Ghana's tropical hardwood forest extended from about the middle of the country southward to the sea. West Africa is home to a vibrant culture dating back thousands … The interdependency of forest and wildlife and the need to take appropriate measures to optimize resource utilization , to ensure future supplies of wood and non-wood products and to manage national forest and wildlife in order to maintain the ecological balance and the diversity of the natural environment is very critical to our survival (Forest and Wildlife Policy, September, 1995) Established in 1931 as a reserve, it was gazetted as a national park only in 1992 after an initial survey of avifauna was conducted. The preservation of allnatural resourcesis absolutely essential for the balance of our ecosystem. Forestry Research Institute of Ghana is one of the 13 institutes of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). Forestry as a sub-sector accounts for 6% of the GDP, 11% of export earnings and employs a labor force of 100,000 people. Savanna vegetation types of Ghana Generally, one defines a savanna as grassland with scattered individual trees in climates where the annual rainfall is from about 500.8 to 1270 mm per year. document.write(user + '@' + site + ''); Education of the general public through the media, a curriculum of our basic and second cycle schools should include environmental education especially ecosystem sustainability. The way forward is that we must deliberately renew our depleted forests by planting more and diverse trees especially indigenous species. Importance of forest. By-laws should also be formulated and enforced at the local governance level on compulsory tree planting in our various communities. living in their natural habitat. Reforestation rebuilds natural habitats and ecosystem, improves the quality of wildlife in general, mitigates global warming, and sustains the hydrological cycle. This region is separated from the forests of central Africa by the arid Dahomey Gap and is distinct in faunal and floral composition (Hall and Swaine, 1976, provide a detailed description of forest in Ghana ). It started as a research unit within the Forestry Department in 1962. The most important was severe deforestation. There is a popular saying that “When the last tree dies, the last man dies”. Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost 33% of its forest cover, or around 2,5 million ha. The uniqueness of this park lies in the fact that it was established at the initiative of the local people and … We cannot talk about the basics of life –food, water and shelter without our forest resources. The arrival of recycled timber as a construction product has been important in both raising industry and consumer awareness towards deforestation and promoting timber mills to adopt more environmentally friendly practices. Ghana is geographically located in the tropics, endowed with diverse natural resources. Savanna, vegetation type that grows under hot, seasonally dry climatic conditions and is characterized by an open tree canopy (i.e., scattered trees) above a continuous tall grass understory (the vegetation layer between the forest canopy and the ground). Reforestation rebuilds natural habitats and ecosystem, improves the quality of wildlife in general, mitigates global warming, and sustains the hydrological cycle. site = "ghanaweb.com"; Tourist sites such as Mole National park, Aburi Botanic Gardens, and Shai Hills generate a lot of foreign exchange to boost our economy. Therefore continuous depletion or destruction of our forests will eventually affect life.Basically, human actions are the main causes of our forest depletion. Taxonomically the two are very distinct and very few plants occur naturally in both kinds of vegetations. 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