Hägg, Tomas. Most startlingly, he was famous throughout the world and even those who didn’t know him wondered at his greatness and yearned to know him. They then founded the Hospital Brothers of St. Anthony in honor of him, who specialized in nursing the victims of skin diseases. Anthony probably spoke only his native language, Coptic, but his sayings were spread in a Greek translation. Also known as Anthony of Egypt, Anthony of the Desert, and Anthony the Anchorite, he was a leader among the Desert Fathers, who were Christian monks in the Egyptian desert in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Anthony-of-Egypt, Eternal Word Television Network - Biography of Saint Antony of Egypt. The Order of Hospitallers of St. Anthony was founded near Grenoble, France (c. 1100), and this institution became a pilgrimage centre for persons suffering from the disease known as St. Anthony’s fire (or ergotism). He demanded that his servants take him back to that cave where the demons had beaten him. When the hermits were gathered to Anthony's corpse to mourn his death, Anthony was revived. [11], Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature. Legendary accounts claim Abgar wrote to Christ asking Jesus to cure him of an intolerable and incurable illness. [4] There are various legends that he worked as a swineherd during this period. Anthony was, however, among the first known to go into the wilderness (about AD 270), which seems to have contributed to his renown. When he got there he called out to the demons, and they came back as wild beasts to rip him to shreds. Most of what we know about the life of St Anthony is in the Greek vita (Life of Antony) by Athanasius, circulated in Latin. Also known as Antony of Thebes, St Anthony was the father of Christian monasticism and is the patron saint of herdsmen. [4], Veneration of Anthony in the East is more restrained. Shortly thereafter, he decided to follow the gospel exhortation in Matthew 19: 21, "If you want to be perfect, go, sell what you have and give to the poor, and you will have treasures in heaven." He celebrated many church events during his feast day that is January 17. Anthony was born near Herakleopolis Magna in Upper Egypt in 251 to wealthy parents. [6] Accounts of Anthony enduring supernatural temptation during his sojourn in the Eastern Desert of Egypt inspired the often-repeated subject of the temptation of St. Anthony in Western art and literature. It is possible these events, like the paintings, are full of rich metaphor or in the case of the animals of the desert, perhaps a vision or dream. Top His rule (book of observances) represented one of the first attempts to codify guidelines for monastic living. Hes typically portrayed holding the child Jesusor a lilyor a bookor all threein his arms. Page 1. Some time later, they were taken from Alexandria to Constantinople, so that they might escape the destruction being perpetrated by invading Saracens. Saint Anthony is invoked as the “Saint of Miracles” and the finder of lost articles, he is known as the patron Saint of poor, and also of women who cannot conceive. When he was eighteen years old, his parents died and left him with the care of his unmarried sister. Basil of Caesarea, St. Gregory of Nazianzus, St. Gregory of Nyssa, and St. John Chrysostom of Antioch, the greatest preacher of his time. Anthony was born into a wealthy family and was raised in the church. At the request of the brethren, Anthony was later commissioned also to teach theology, "but in such a manner, St Francis distinctly wrote, "that the spirit of prayer be not extinguished either in yourself or in the other brethren." The brethren were pleased with the Emperor's letter, but Anthony was not overawed and wrote back exhorting the Emperor and his sons not to esteem this world but remember the next. Anthony of Egypt , also known as Saint Anthony, was a prominent leader among the Desert Fathers. St. Anthony the Great or Antony the Great (ca. [8] Sometime before 374 it was translated into Latin by Evagrius of Antioch. St. Anthony of Padua is one of the Catholic Churchs most popular saints. Even after his death, … When Christian persecution ended after the Edict of Milan (313), he moved to a mountain in the Eastern Desert, between the Nile and the Red Sea, where the monastery Dayr Mārī Antonios still stands. Athanasius became one of the most dedicated opponents of the heresy of Arianism. Many people give alms to St. Anthony Bread in thanksgiving to God for blessings received through the prayers of St. Anthony. [14] There he lived strictly enclosed in an old abandoned Roman fort for some 20 years. [29] It was interpreted as a demon trying to terrify him, or alternately a creature engendered by the desert. During the 3rd and 4th centuries many ecclesiastics and monks wrote in Coptic. I am sent to represent my tribe. Macarius the Great was a disciple of Anthony. Saint Anthony the Great is known as the Father of monasticism, and the long ascetical sermon in The Life of Saint Anthony by Saint Athanasius (Sections 16-34), could be called the first monastic Rule. Although he held no titles or position, his holiness marked him as one whose wisdom commanded respect. Visitors traveled great distances to see the celebrated holy man. When the Synod o… He is also known as the Father of All Monks. Also prominent were the great Cappadocians: St. Omissions? Known as the patron saint of the poor, of sailors and fishermen, of priests and travelers, a protector and guardian of the mails, and wonder-worker, the story of St. Anthony of Padua is very special. For his importance among the Desert Fathers and to all later Christian monasticism, he is also known as the Father of All Monks. There it was that the Life records those strange conflicts with demons in the shape of wild beasts, who inflicted blows upon him, and sometimes left him nearly dead. He was born in Egypt in the village of Coma, near the desert of the Thebaid, in the year 251. During the course of this retreat, he began his legendary combat against the Devil, withstanding a series of temptations famous in Christian theology and iconography. 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