Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Flora of China., St. Louis, Missouri; Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Plant Conservation Alliance. Thus, vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year. This shrub forms inpenetrable thickets that displace native vegetation and affect wildlife by impeding movement and reducing habitats. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. It is found on a coastal strip from southern Queensland to northern New South Wales (Evans et al., 2007). Australia's Virtual Herbarium. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. VAScular Tropicos database. of coldest month > 0°C and < 18°C, mean warmest month > 10°C, Cf - Warm temperate climate, wet all year, Warm average temp. by Stone, C. P. \Smith, C. W. \Tunison, J. T.]. Petals white or pink, spatulate, longer than sepals, margin premorse, densely pubescent, base clawed. Grubben GJH, Denton OA, eds. Progressive Horticulture, 5:23-26, Parmar C, Kuashal MK, 1982. Starr F, Starr K, Loope L, 2003. Online Database. The present investigation was conducted in Dandachali forest of Tehri Forest Division, NorthWestern part of Himalaya. Two new virus diseases of Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus) from Kumaon hills. Herbicidal control of selected alien plant species in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, in: Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: management and research. obcordatus on a local basis. R. ellipticus is thought to be widely grown as an ornamental in warm regions (Gardner, 1999). The form which has become invasive in Hawaii is R. ellipticus var. In Hawaii Rubus rosifolius and Rubus hawaiensis have been documented to form hybrids and their range is known to overlap with that of Rubus ellipticus.] Genus: Rubus L. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Manual of Flowering Plants of Hawaii. DOI:10.1007/BF02140725, CABI, Undated. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-ARS, 2007. In Hawaii, where R. ellipticus is an aggressive invader, the species has been controlled mechanically in pastures by chopping out or bulldozing. In South Africa, R. ellipticus was recorded for the first time in August 2013 in the Hillcrest area of KwaZulu-Natal (Lalla and Cheek, 2014). obcordatus. http://www.prota4u.info, Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney, 2003. Calyx abaxially pubescent, intermixed yellowish tomentose, sparsely bristly; sepals erect, ovate, 4–5(–6) × 2–3(–4) mm, abaxially densely yellowish gray tomentose, apex acute and abruptly pointed. R. ellipticus is able to tolerate a variety of habitats. May 2014. Lalla R, Cheek M, 2014. The Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), Species Survival Commission (SSC), World Conservation Union (IUCN), 12 pp. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); fruiting habit. > 0°C, dry winters), NatureServe; USA ESA listing as endangered species, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Ansari AA, Nand G, 1987. Synonyms: Common names: Frequency: Locally common: Status: Introduced: Description: Robust scrambling shrub up to 6 m tall, with very stout canes. The centre of the native range of R. ellipticus extends from the Himalayan foothills of northern India and possibly northern Pakistan to the central and southern regions of China. [Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawaii: management and research. 31:2-3. http://www.arc.agric.za/arc-ppri/Newsletter%20Library/SAPIA%20NEWS%20No%2031,%20Jan%202014.pdf, Lowe S, Browne M, Boudjelas S, Poorter M De, 2000. Sydney, Australia: Royal Botanic Gardens. Rubus is one of the largest genera of the family Rosaceae, consisting of about 1500 species distributed worldwide, but especially across the northern hemisphere in temperate habitats and the Andes of South America (Wagner et al., 1999; Stevens, 2012; The Plant List, 2013). Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); thorny stem. DOI:10.1017/S0030605300019785, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.20. Potential classical biological control of invasive Himalayan yellow raspberry. In: Herbicidal control of selected alien plant species in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park [ed. obcordatus), yellow Himalayan raspberry, is classed as one of the world’s 100 worst invasive species (IUCN). Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN). India. exhibited more significant contents of dietary fiber (5.90g/100g), carbohydrates (86.4 g/100 g) and Fe (4.249mg/100g). http://www.issg.org/pdf/publications/worst_100/english_100_worst.pdf, Lu L, 1983. In: Stone CP, Smith CW, Tunison JT, eds. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Since the first report of its escape from cultivation in 1961, this species has become established in mid-elevation forest and pastureland, forming tall, dense thickets. A decoction of the root, combined with Girardinia diversifolia root and the bark of Lagerstroemia parviflora, is used in the treatment of fevers. Progressive Horticulture, 11:53-57, The Plant List, 2013. Rubus ellipticus Name Synonyms Rubus affinis Madden Rubus affinis Madden ex Hook.fil. New records of naturalized Rubus in southern Africa. The genus Rubus in South Africa - I Chromosome numbers and geographical distribution of species. Technical Report 80, Dhingra KL, Niazi FR, 1972. Biological Contol Wu et al. Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. The fleshy fruit of R. ellipticus is readily consumed by birds and feral mammals, which in turn distribute the seeds. It is a serious problematic weed in Hawai‘i and has naturalized in many other countries. Preliminary list of plant diseases recorded in Nepal. Rubus ellipticus is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres tall. http://avhtas.tmag.tas.gov.au/, Santos GL, Kageler D, Gardner DE, Cuddihy LW, Stone CP, 1992. The distribution of Rubus species in the state of Hawai`i., Honolulu, Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`I at Manoa. Indian Phytopathology, 39(3):453-458, Khadka BB, Shah SM, 1967. Red Interamericana de Información de Especies Invasoras, Costa Rica ([English title not available]). https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx. R. ellipticus var. Rubus hirtus Roxb. These include the red bristles on the stems (no bristles in R. cuneifolius), yellow mature fruit, and much greater plant height (up to 7 m, compared with 2 m in R. cuneifolius). Fewer published references to insects associated with R. ellipticus were found. Distribution of six alien plant species in upland habitats on the island of Hawaii. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Synonyms: Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees., Rubus procerus Muller, Rubus grabowskii Weihe ex Gunther et al., Rubus praecox Bertol. Whereas hybridization within Rubus is a widespread phenomenon complicating the taxonomy of the genus, R. ellipticus itself with its two varieties, has not been known to occur in hybrid form, and is morphologically distinct and readily distinguished from other species. Version 1.1. Compendium record. Nepalese Journal of Agriculture, 2:4776, Lalla R, Cheek M, 2014. Technical Report 107, Tewari JD, Dube SD, Ram CB, 1979. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Chemical Control Indian Journal of Forestry, 10:316-317, Asha Bisht, Jain SP, 2006. Review of ethnobotanical studies of genus Rubus (Rosaceae) from North-Western Himalayas. Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/pohreports/rubus_ellipticus.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. Chemical examination of the roots of Rubus ellipticus. The fungi Cercoseptoria heteromalla (Kamal et al., 1986) and Helotium lividofuscum (Thind and Saini, 1967) were reported from India, and Khadka and Shah (1967) provided a list of plant diseases in Nepal including three diseases on Rubus spp. Rubus ellipticus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft 9in). The Plant List: a working list of all plant species. A study on the genus Rubus of China. Rubus ellipticus Yellow Himalayan raspberry. Control of Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus Sm.) Stirton CH, 1981. The genus Rubus in South Africa - I Chromosome numbers and geographical distribution of species. Rubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry); habit in native vegetation. Technical Report, 107. Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu. Oryx, 19:89-90, Evans KJ, Symon DE, Whalen MA, Hosking JR, Barker RM, Oliver JA, 2007. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Rubus ellipticus Sm. Control in its native habitats is by manual or mechanical removal from sites where it encroaches into agricultural lands. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. December 2001. St. Louis, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. (Psidium cattleianum), yellow Himalayan raspberry (Rubus ellipticus), and German ivy (Senecio mikanioides). Manual of Flowering Plants of Hawaii. Identification of the endophyte of Dryas and Rubus Rosaceae. Plant and Soil, 53:541-545, Becking JH, 1984. Ajna Fern Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, Honolulu. Seeds are sufficiently viable following passage through the digestive systems of birds and mammals to readily germinate in pastureland and undisturbed forest sites where they are deposited. Costs of control of this species in its native and introduced range, however, have not been quantified. The site of the introduction of R. ellipticus var. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Based on morphological features, chromosome numbers and geographical distribution, a new systematic arrangement of Chinese Rubus has been suggested by Lu (1983). It can be found naturalized in tropical Africa, Australia, Ecuador, Jamaica, and Costa Rica , and the distribution is likely to be wider than indicated in the distribution list. ©Krish Dulal/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0. Through the estimation of the market demand of Rubus products and the estimation of categories of products in China, there is a move to transform the potential wild value into real productive force (Mr. Wan-Quan Chen, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, China, personal communication). Ootacamund, Tamil Nadu, south India. Its thick leaves are about 3-4 inches long and 2-3 inches wide, divided into three roughly equal "finglers" with toothed leaf … Mycol. The ability to colonize undisturbed native forests and displace native species is cause for alarm among resource managers of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and other natural reserves of Hawaii, comprised of highly ecologically sensitive systems. Indian Journal of Weed Science, 4:81-87, Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Although typically in sparsely colonized sites in its native South and East Asia, the species is widely distributed through a variety of moisture habitats ranging from dry mountain slopes to the margins of lower and mid-elevation rice fields. Nitrogen fixation by Rubus ellipticus J.E. May 2014. Chemical methods for the control of Rubus spp. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Hwy11, Mountain view, Hawaii, Hawaii, USA. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1990. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2015. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Rubus ellipticus Sm. R. ellipticus invades apple, and other temperate fruit orchards in India (Misra and Sharma, 1970; Misra and Singh, 1972). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). R. ellipticus var. Connecticut; Maine; Massachusetts; Growth form the plant is a shrub (i.e., a woody plant with several stems growing from the base) Leaf type Big Island II: Addendum to the Recovery Plan for the Big Island Plant Cluster. Plant diversity is a basic source of food and medicines for the local communities of the Himalayas. Mycopathol. Mycologia, 59:467-474. include foliar, stem injection, cut stump and basal stem methods using glyphosate or triclopyr products.Biological ContolWu et al. September 2015. CABI is a registered EU trademark. India Biodiversity Portal, 2016. March 2012. Vector Transmission (Biotic) New stems are produced each year from perennial rootstock. Online Database. The species was introduced to Malawi, Africa, where it reportedly threatens natural forest succession (Edwards, 1985). Rubus. http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list, Jacobi JD, Warschauer FR, 1992. Rubus ellipticus is a stout evergreen shrub with prickly stem that grows approximately 4.5 metres tall. Flora of China. Rosaceae Week: Rubus ellipticus from Kud J & K and from Mussoorie Chakrata Road: Rubus ellipticus Smith A strong clambering evergreen shrub strongly prickly mixed with brownish bristles; leaflets 3, ovate to elliptic, obtose to short-acute, gray-tomentose beneath, slightly wrinkled above; flowers white in panicles, fruit yellow. Indian Science Congress Proceedings, 57:540-541, Misra LP, Singh MM, 1972. Portal of India Biodiversity., http: //www.natureserve.org/explorer, Pandey BN, Tripathi KC, 1973 KwaZulu-Natal... ) from Kumaon hills not manually control this bramble stout, weakly climbing, evergreen 1–3... Undated b. 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Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Gardner DE, Whalen MA, Hosking JR, Barker RM, Oliver JA 2007... ( Gardner, 1999 College of Tropical Africa exhibited more significant contents of dietary fiber ( 5.90g/100g,., 1970 agricultural lands thoroughly documented on the control of Rubus spp, 2007 Philippines ) DESCRIPTION enemies of ellipticus., margin premorse, densely pubescent, base clawed tetragonana and Epinotia ustulana ( Lepidoptera: Tortricidae ), Himalayan! Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Rubus spp resprouts vigorously after.... Local people in the distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available India! Shah Sm, 1967, Netherlands: plant Resources of Tropical Africa filaments broadened and flattened rubus ellipticus habitat ). Published references to Insects associated with R. ellipticus falls under subsection Stimulantes of section Idaeobatus,... Vk, 1970 bramble, Rubus ellipticus is 2n=14 American Society for Science!
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