Ogba–Egbema–Ndoni is a Local Government Area of Rivers State, Nigeria… Balewa was eliminated in the process as well as the Premiers of the no… A Local Government Council is the center of socioeconomic planning and development in its area of authority. The history of local government in Western Europe, Great Britain, the United States, and Russia exhibits the growing awareness of its significance. THE EVOLUTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA FROM 1979 TO 1999 Local governments system has taken different forms from one period to the other in Nigeria. Then, the local government system was controlled by only the chiefs and rulers which were not all sufficient because the people could not feel the full effect of governance. Most Interesting facts from the history of Nigerian National Youth Service Corps, Top 6 reasons why Nigeria adopted federalism, Most interesting moments from Nigerian history of democracy. & Appl. Local government is the third level of government deliberately created to bring government to the grass-roots population and gives the grass-roots population a sense of involvement in the political processes that control their daily lives. Functions of local government in Nigeria The functions and tasks of the local government are prescribed in the Nigerian constitution of 1999. This post is about the governmental and political history of Nigeria. It is backed up by law in the discharge of its duties to the people locally. The Agege Local Government was created in 1954 and was operative until 1967 after the first military takeover when it was merged with the Ikeja District council for a period of thirteen years. A residential suburb of Lagos, the town is plagued by problems of overcrowding, poor housing, and inadequate sanitation. Here is the list of all the 36 states in Nigeria and Abuja and their Local Government Areas 1. Hence it is called the center of excellence! The Buhari Administration was launched in December 1983 and lasted till August 1985. READ ALSO: History of entrepreneurship in Nigeria, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, Difference between the Constitution in 1963 and 1979 in Nigeria, Top 10 Functions of the Nigerian Police Force, 10 important Nigerian historical facts every citizen should know. Data for the study were gathered from face-to-face interview, available records in It was a system consisting of unconditional colonial ruling classes or “traditional institutions of chiefs and other traditional rulers of the natives under the supervision of British Administrative Officer”. Lagos — The history of Local government administration in Nigeria dates back to the colonial era. These areas reflect the local development of the Nigerian federative system; the adoption of this federative system contributed to the distribution of authority on the local level. The recognition of local government in Nigeria at the third tier level of government was enshrined in the 1989 and 1995 Constitutions. It especially influenced the political structure and system of Nigeria. It covers an area of 2,834km and had a population of 293,837 in 2006. What are the arms of Nigerian government? These Nigerian states are also subdivided into 774 local government areas. Interesting biographical facts. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Top 10 Richest Local Government Areas in Nigeria The history of this local government can be traced back to the era of the British Colonial Administration in Nigeria after the creation of Kukuruku Division in 1918 which coincided with the end of the First World War and the subsequent creation of 7 District Headships in 1919 out of the Kukuruku division with one of the “District … Other duties of the president include appointing commissions of inquiry, s… The genesis of local government administration in Nigeria dates back to pre-colonial period. The 1976 Guidelines for Local Government is the most important document in the local government. Collection of Rates. In a lot of Euro Required fields are marked *. Nigeria’s executive arm is comprised of 3-tiers of government. If you don't see any interesting for you, use our search form on . Today, with over 20 million people, 57 local government areas and the largest varieties of ethnicities and culture in Nigeria, Lagos still holds an important role in 14. RELATED POSTS Features of The Republican Constitution of 1963 Udenu Local Government Area History of Udenu Local Government Area. There was no chance for local people to be elected or to have their voice heard. The local government is charged with lot of responsibilities, and with the presence of these local government areas in each state, the interest of the people at the grassroots level can be easily met. The local governments serve as local hubs of the central federal government. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. In the first republic, the last Governor-General of Nigeria, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe became the first President of independent Nigeria, with Sir. Local Government Administration in Nigeria Problems and Prospect Indiscipline and Selfishness: From personal experience, the local government is filled up with too many unskilled workers. Local government in Nigeria could have been said to have started when politicians assumed leadership role of regional legislators under colonial reforms. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council consisting of a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who are referred to as Councillors. The Federal, State and Local Governments are all ruled by officials elected in elections … Presently Nigeria is divided into 36 states with one federal capital territory. They include the Federal, State and Local Government. All rulers were just administrative couriers for the colonial officers. The government of the first Republic did not last as it came to a halt via several coup attempts with the first one taking place in January 1966 when junior officers in the Nigerian Army went on rampage and overthrew the government. During the implementation of the Buhari program, the administration cut down the number of local government from 770 to 301. Problems and Prospect Of Local Government Administration in Nigeria. Local government has for very long time been regarded as the training ground for democracy. During the colonial system administration in Nigeria, the local government was referred to as native authority or the administration system. The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of Local Government Finance in Nigeria using Iwo Local Government as a Case Study. More states, and local governments were created in 1987 despite the failures that resurfaced. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a166633fcf776d9bd1289a051bbb070b" );document.getElementById("a2d267ec9e").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. However, even though the local government structure still existed, the federal government controlled the basis of local governments. In 1946, the local government system in Nigeria was changed to the Sole Native Authority System which was greatly frowned upon by the Egba women who accused the system of increased gender imbalance, and hastening the marginalization of women. LOCAL government administrations have become the most constitutionally abused matter in Nigeria since the 1999 Constitution became operational. A long time ago, Nigeria was ruled by the colonial government and the local government was called the Administration system or Native Authority. The Nigerian oil and gas industry has been growing since the discovery of Crude Oil by the Shell group at Oloibiri. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. The behavior and attitude of ruling officials did not change; therefore there was no system drawback, the failure was as a result of personal factors. The failure of Local Government in the area of service delivery over the years has made the citizens to lose faith and trust in Local Government administration as an institution in Nigeria. Sci. Shomolu, town, Lagos state, southwestern Nigeria, just north of Lagos city. History of Government in Nigeria A former British colony, Nigeria became independent on September 30, 1960 and a Republic on October 1, 1963. All states have its own local government areas. In Nigeria, local government is the third tier of the administrative structure, following the federal and the state government. 1986 came with a drastic change in the system of administration, as old attitude was forfeited, and the federal government was in control of the basis of the local governments. The local government is like a missing piece to a political puzzle and without its existence the people will not experience the full effect of governance. The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999 provides in the Fourth Schedule the main functions of Local Governments in Nigeria as follows: (a) the consideration and the making of recommendations to a State Commission on Economic Planning or any similar body on: According to the 1976 local government reforms, the local government is the third tier of government in Nigeria, and as such has limited powers over certain subjects or matters. READ ALSO: History of education in Nigeria. The Native Authority system did not belong to legislators, executives or administrators systems. The first independent government was formed by a coalition of northern and eastern political parties, with Nnamdi Azikiwe as the president and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as prime minister. These radical reforms helped to change the local government councils into effective centers of local development. Currently, there are 36 states in Nigeria with 774 local government areas. Although this particular […] It consists of the Local government chairmen, secretaries, Councillors e.t.c. Its headquarter is in the town of Ifon. The 1979 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 1984 Dasuki Report on the Nigerian Local Government system; the 1988 Civil Service Reforms in the Local Government system; the 1989 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 1992 Handbook on Local Government Administration; the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; the 2003 Review of Local Government Councils in Nigeria. Functions of local governments in Nigeria. Just like the Constitution of 1979, the 1999 Constitution addressed important issues, such as the problem of local government system, the creation of new local governments, adjustments in the system and functions of local governments, public officials’ code of conduct, funding and financial support of local governments, and, finally, a list of local governments. These 301 local councils were approved and defined by the Constitution. As the Sole Native Authority System was put in action, Egba women all expressed their disgust, saying that this type of Sole Native Authority System hastened the marginalization of women and increased the gender imbalance in governing system. In the last three decades, so many reforms have been adopted to make the local government systems better. It is obvious that not everything was perfect in the system of local administration, and at that time the existing governing structure was only the remains of colonialism. 15. Moreover, some states even created a couple of local councils within the state. There was a positive change in the local government administration system from 1979 to 1983, the state government had power over the local government council which was a good development. Ensure that all births, marriages, and deaths within its area of jurisdiction are duly registered. Being under the full supervision of the British Administrative Officer, the local government system was not favourable to the interest of the local people because there was no chance for the local people to be elected to serve as a middle man between the people, and the colonial government. Abstract and Figures Local government administration in Nigeria is as old as history and its dated back pre-colonial era. Then, the local government system was controlled by only the chiefs and rulers which were not all sufficient because the people could not feel the full effect of governance. The administration of local government system in Nigeria has come a long way facing both failure, and success. It has its headquarters in Obollo-Afor and has an area of 248km². The focus of this paper therefore is an examination of Local Government Finance in Nigeria using Iwo Local Government as a Case Study. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The 1979 - 1983 phase of the fight for the local government administration system in Nigeria was quite productive. From 1999 till date, the local government system has gone through many reforms bringing it to the acceptable state it is now. Akoko-Edo Local Government has ten (10) large Political Wards, 14 … The numerous functions of the Local Government in Nigeria are outlined thus: 1. Olasupo and Fayomi (2012), Historical epoch of local government administration in Nigeria: Women and the poor, in: Global Journal of Human Social Science, Art and Humanities, Global Journal Inc., USA. It revealed Nigeria federalism (federalism before independence, from two protectorate to a single federation, federalism after independence). Although everything looked perfect on paper, the system did not work properly in reality. Established in 1945, it has a rich cultural heritage especially with the Masquerade festival which is celebrated annually. READ ALSO: Major problems of Nigerian Civil ServiceNigeria is a federal republic, and is therefore a union made up of self-governing states; these states are represented in the international arena and governed by the federal government.Nigeria is one of the prominent federal republics. Abia State (17 Local Government Areas) Aba North, Aba South, Arochukwu, Bende, Isiala Ngwa South, Ikwuano, Isiala, Ngwa Overview of Federal Ministries in Nigeria and their…, NNPC Industrial Training (IT)/Students Industrial…, List of newly elected governors in Nigeria 2019 with…. Local government areas of Nigeria Nigeria has 774 local government areas (L.G.As). In 1984, Dasuki report confirmed the problems suffered by the local government system was inherited from the 1976 local government reforms which was as a result of personal factors. Local Government Area in Nigeria Contents: Population The population development of Agege as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Ensure that the lives, and properties of the people within its jurisdiction are safeguarded and protected. Local governments in Lagos state did not start at twenty; history tells of how these local governments in Lagos state came into existence and play a vital role in the Nigerian government structure . LOCAL CONTENT IN NIGERIA OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY NIGERIAN LOCAL CONTENT REQUIREMENTS Nigeria a former British colony had an Independence date that was heralded on the discovery of oil in 1956. The local government system is very important because of the needs of the people at the grassroots level can be met without many problems. J., 6 (2): 70-77, 2015 72 provision and maintenance of primary, adult and constitutional foundation for local government vocational education and other functions as may be administration in Nigeria. With 412 as its postal code, Udenu LGA is an LGA that shares borders with Nsukka. Local Government This is the third level in the hierarchy of the Nigerian government that is more closest to the people at the grass root. Zurmi Local Government Area History of Zurmi Local Government Area Zurmi Local Government Area in Zamfara state has its headquarters in Zurmi town. How and when did NYSC scheme start in Nigeria? These local government areas are headed by a local government council which consists of an elected chairman who is the overall head of the LGA. Local government system is constitutionally provided for as a third tier and autonomous of the other two, the Federal and State Governments in Nigeria. Nigerian local government system has been put through different challenges. As a result, the new local democracy tendencies started and the old attitude was dropped. It consists of 36 state governments and the Federal Capital Territory. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively. On 1, October 1960, Nigeria, after several years of British Colonial rule, became an independent nation. That is the important place Lagos holds in the history of this country. Agege was removed from the Ikeja Local Government in 1980 and remained so until 1983 when the Military took over power again and abolished the existing system of Local Government at the time . For example, the Native Authority leaders were expected to be able to levy and collect tax for the salaries of the chiefs and other officials and services of the authorities, but not all local communities got accustomed to this new rule, therefore they also had their own traditional ways of carrying out such services. history of local government in Nigeria (genesis). The first independent government was formed by a coalition of northern and eastern political parties, with Nnamdi Azikiwe as the president and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa as prime minister. That is the important place Lagos holds in the history of this country. Egor Local Government Area. However, the leaders decided to create a new system which would suit the interest of local people but kept failing at achieving this or satisfying the interest of the people. Nigeria - Nigeria - Government and society: Under the 1999 constitution, executive power is vested in a president who serves as both the head of state and the chief executive, is directly elected to a four-year term, and nominates the vice president and members of the cabinet. These cookies do not store any personal information. A local government can be defined as a system of government at the grassroots level of administration for meeting peculiar grassroots needs of the people. The local government councils is a very democratic legislative body but still very connected to the federal government. As at 1987, the cooperation between the states and local governments was still very tense. Local Government in Nigeria and the United States: Learning from comparison, Ife: Local Government Publication series, 1995, P19. Historically, the existence of the local government area in Nigeria can be traced back to 1916 which was the first time a native and local type of authority was constituted via an ordinance. Each local government area is administered by a Local Government Council headed by a chairman who is the Chief Executive of the LGA, and other elected members who serves as Councillors. Most of its inhabitants are Yoruba. History of Egor Local Government Area. After this period the country has managed to survive and redefine kits comprehensive political system […] Local government has come a very long way in nigeria’s life, they have been able to administer the localities effectively to an extent, but they can do better if they are better funded. Ose is a Local Government Area (OSELGA) in Ondo State, Nigeria was created in 1989 during the administration of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida. Ensure that motorable roads are constructed as well as maintained. The name, structure and composition have experienced different changes over the years. In short, the lack of Western education and modern approach to the ruling made the governance insufficient. Currently there are 774 local government areas spread across the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The Nigerian president serves as both the chief of state as well as the head of government. Before the colonial period, the precursor of local government was the native administration created by the colonial masters. And of course this exemplary commitment has clearly enshrined his name in the history book of Amuwo Odofin local government and Nigeria in general. Local government has always been characterized with challenges, which has and is still a recurring decimal in the political history of Nigeria. This LGA was created in 1981. To bring the model of democratic self- governance and facilitate the leadership potential of Nigerians on local levels. Nigeria. 3. Find below a list of the 36 states in Nigeria and their Local Government Areas. Local Government in Nigeria During Precolonial Era Before the colonial period, the precursor of local government was the native administration created by the colonial masters. It has gone from different pre-colonial political systems, such as the Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba political systems, to the modern system of local government; it has also gone through a lot of reforms to become what we know now. Prior to its creation, it was part of Isi-Uzo Local Government Area. Nigeria has experimented with different systems of local government since the amalgamation of the northern and southern parts of the country in 1914. There was a need to enhance both citizenship participation and local level service; to achieve this, in March 1988, the federal government adopted some comprehensive reforms which aimed to reform the local government’s structure, finance and administration systems radically. In an attempt to defend the Sole Native Authority system’s principles, in 1947, the last colonial Secretary of State, Lord Creech-Jones stated: “The key to resolving the problems of African administration lay in the development of an efficient and democratic system of local government.”. In addition, these states and territories have 774 local governments. The history of local government systems in Nigeria dates back to colonial days. In March 1988, some comprehensive reforms were adopted by the federal government to change the local government structure, finance, and administrative system. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Let's learn more about its most important stages from this brief history of local governments in Nigeria. The state government tried to manage local government councils on spot but in fact, they only fought for the authority and influence of the local government councils. Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us! Their abilities are usually very restricted by the central government. Local Government is the closest tier of government to the people of Nigeria, yet the resident population in it is deprived of the benefits of its existence. For one reason or the other, you would need to visit some of these places at some point in your life. These local governments do not have a lot of rights and most of its decisions are made according to the central government's rules. Provision of educational facilities for the people within its area of governance. As earlier stated, the Local Government is the tier of government closest to the people, therefore it is considered a most important facilitator of economic and social development especially at the grassroots. More states and local governments got created in 1987, but this resulted in structural changes in some communities and a refusal to support the new local councils. Since it is the closest form of government to the people, it ensures that basic social amenities are provided to the people within its geographical area of jurisdiction. Fans say as Davido's wife-to-be shares revealing IG photos, Hilarious video of Zlatan Ibile trying to feed Davido with meat in private jet gets Nigerians laughing, After dating for 8 years with no hope of marriage, lady drags boyfriend to court, here is what the judge did, Odemwingie reveals another big secret about Kanu Nwankwo's wife, sends strong message to the Arsenal legend, Nigerian lady rides her motorcycle from Lagos state to Onitsha and back in 17 hours, many react (photos), Yanzu-yanzu: An sauke dukkan shugabannin jam'iyyar APC a fadin tarayya, APC expels former national vice-chairman, gives reason, How did Oritse Femi become successful? We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Provision and maintenance of sewage, and refuse disposal, public conveniences for people living within its jurisdiction. The native authority system was not the answer for local government governance because the rulers were only accountable to the colonial officers. The local government areas have exact responsibilities, such as births or deaths registration, registration of marriages or divorces, maintenance or construction of roads, the collection of taxes and maintenance of public transport. The reform implemented in 1976 and Nigerian constitution adopted in 1979 were still unable to solve the problem of traditional ruling in Nigeria. Eg; Issuing of Driver’s license, marriage certificate and Birth Alimosho local government With a population of over one million people, Alimosho is the largest local government in Lagos. Nigeria. Zaria, formerly Zazzau, or Zegzeg, historic kingdom, traditional emirate, and local government council in Kaduna State, northern Nigeria, with its headquarters at Zaria (q.v.) The Buhari administration cut the local government from 701 to 301 which was later recorded in the constitution, but the system was still a failure as a result of inadequacies. Nigeria is currently made up of 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory and a total of 774 Local Government Areas, all of them received the help of government tender writing for their duties. Local administration in Nigeria has passed the four distinct stages of development. Aborisade and Mundt (Ed.). There was trial and error to create a new local government system to favour the interest of the local people, but the native authority rulers’ new rule of levy and tax collection did not sit well with the local communities which made them to create their own traditional ways of carrying out such services. 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