Permanent winds or Primary winds or Prevailing winds or Planetary Winds. They blow in one direction for a particular time period. Polar easterlies blow from Polar Regions towards sub-polar low-pressure regions. This difference in air pressure gives rise to air movement across the planet hence it is called “planetary” or “prevailing winds”. Pro Lite, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 10, CBSE Previous Year Question Paper for Class 12. The planetary winds, trade winds, seasonal winds, and local winds forms essential part of this atmospheric circulation. Planetary or permanent winds blow in the same direction throughout the year. Precipitation is normally associated with the summer monsoons. In the southern hemisphere, the trade winds diverge out of the sub-tropical high towards the equatorial low from the southeast direction. Planetary winds. The westerlies are the winds that blow from the subtropical region of high-pressure to the polar area of low pressure. Wind that blows from the land to sea is called ….. …..winds are spread across the lower atmosphere. Hence, it is essential for students to understand the same before they delve into advanced concepts. The winds that blow from sub-tropical high-pressure areas towards equatorial low-pressure areas called trade or easterly winds. Herein, land breeze and sea breeze are the two types of local winds. How to use planetary wind in a sentence. The westerlies are the winds that blow from the subtropical region of high-pressure to the polar area of low pressure. According to ‘Flohn’, monsoon is a seasonal modification of general Planetary Wind System. The winds that blow constantly throughout the year are called Permanent Winds. Permanent winds are winds that pretty much always blow, and blow in the same direction. Periodic winds: Winds changing their directions periodically with the change in seasons are called periodic winds… Winds are mainly caused as a result of uneven heating of the land and sea. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ distinguish between planetary winds and periodic winds 1. LOCAL WINDS:- Local winds are restricted to a certain place only. Mountain and valley breeze It is a diurnal cycle in which the differential heating of land and water produces low and high pressures. In outer space, solar wind is the movement of gases or charged particles from the Sun through space, while planetary wind is the outgassing of light chemical elements from a planet's atmosphere into space. Planetary winds - definition Planetary winds, prevailing winds or permanent winds are those which blow continuously in the same belt all through the year. The trade winds, westerlies and easterlies. Periodic winds Monsoon winds; Land breeze; Sea breeze; Mountain and valley breeze; Local winds; Planetary Winds. land breeze, Anemometer, Westerlies, Planetary. Classification of Winds. Planetary winds Periodic winds Variable wind Local wind . Besides, if the intensity is controlled, it can be utilised in generating electricity with the help of windmills. Key demand of the question: The … (250 words) Reference: physical geography by Savindra Singh . It is the differential heating of land and water that causes the wind to blow from one place to another. Log in. TYPES OF WINDS There are three types of winds on a macro scale Planetary(or prevailing) winds Periodic winds Local winds Planetary winds Planetary winds are huge in both time and space They blow over vast areas and large distances They blow throughout the year from one latitude to another in response to latitudinal differences in air pressure Planetary winds include Trade winds Westerlies … Here is a short explanation for your understanding so that you can have a clear distinction between the two. Pressure belts of earth explained, Current Affairs 2018 Pressure belts of earth explained, Current Affairs 2018 Study IQ education Log in. The easterly jet stream is replaced with strong westerly winds in the upper atmosphere. Some highland areas in Asia receive more than 10 meters of rain during the summer months. They are also known by other names such as Furious Fifties, Shrieking Sixties, and Roaring Forties. In the summer, a low-pressure centre forms over northern India and northern Southeast Asia because of higher levels of received solar insolation. Periodic winds: They blow at regular intervals and are not continuous. They occur in different environments of the Earth and other planets, where the climate is favorable to sublimation. Trade Winds, Anti-trade winds and Polar winds are Permanent Winds. Log in. These blow only during a particular period of the day or … They are classified as follows -, Next, the periodic winds are further classified into four subtypes, which are -. Monsoon winds are an example of seasonal winds. Permanent winds blow all through the year over a particular region in a specific direction. Primary Winds or Prevailing Winds or Permanent Winds or Planetary Winds. They change their directions. Planetary Winds Difference in Planetary Winds & Local Winds? Movement and flow of air is known as wind. (i)Monsoon Winds. Sorry!, This page is not available for now to bookmark. tiwari1276 tiwari1276 02.11.2017 Geography Secondary School +13 pts. Convergence and divergence, in meteorology, the accumulation or drawing apart of air, as well as the rate at which each takes place.The terms are usually used to refer specifically to the horizontal inflow (convergence) or outflow (divergence) of air. Name of these winds describe the affect on that particular region. They are winds that result from localised differences in pressure and temperature. Monsoon winds are the most important periodic winds. Land breeze. . Ask your question. Winds like Loo, Mistral, Foehn, Bora. 1. there are 3 types of wind systems=permanent winds are also known as prevailing winds or planetary winds. Westerlies Next, the periodic winds are further classified into four subtypes, which are - Sea breeze. Like land/sea breezes, these wind systems are created by the temperature contrasts that exist between the surfaces of land and ocean. Planetary Winds: Periodic Winds: These winds blow throughout the year across the Earth from a region of high pressure to low pressure. The air pressure is different in different latitudes. Local winds, on the other hand, are winds such as sea and land breezes. The general atmospheric circulation is large scale movement of air. Subsidence from an upper atmosphere cold low above the Himalayas produces an outflow that creates a surface high-pressure system that dominates the weather in India and Southeast Asia. Answer. Following are the types of periodic winds: Monsoon winds: The temperature difference created by the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and Himalayan wall forms the … They blow from high pressure belt to low pressure belts. Why this question: The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , theme physical geography of the world. The trade winds, westerlies and easterlies. Therefore, you can see that use of the word breeze is kept based on its originating region. Local wind. Join now. As the trade winds tend to blow mainly from the east, they are also known as the. Sea Breeze - Wind or breeze that blows from a water body towards the land is called a sea breeze. Periodic Winds. Monsoon wind systems with modified also exist in Australia, Africa, South America, and North America. Because of the Coriolis effect, the northern trade winds move away from the subtropical high in the north-east direction. They do not change speed and direction frequently. Onshore winds blowing inland from the warm ocean are very high in humidity, and slight cooling of these air masses causes condensation and rain. Periodic Winds: Periodic winds change their direction periodically with the change in season, e.g., Monsoons, Land and Sea Breezes, Mountain and Valley Breezes. These are the planetary winds which blow extensively over continents and oceans. Ask your question. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ Distinguish between planetary winds and periodic wind 1. In addition, you should also note here that the land breeze does not carry any moisture with it. The seawater gets heated up slowly in comparison to that of the land. It is often observed that students confuse both terms. These winds can be further classified into two parts: (i) Hot winds Trade Winds . a. Monsoon Winds: These winds are seasonal winds and refer to wind systems that have a pronounced, seasonal reversal of direction. Winds are mainly caused as a result of uneven heating of the land and sea. Periodic winds are that are somehow tied to the seasons. These blow only during a particular period of the … The jet stream enhances rainfall in Southeast Asia, in the Arabian Sea, and in South Africa. Explain how local winds are different from planetary winds. Giving examples, highlight the role of local winds in influencing climate, agriculture and livelihood in various regions. Vedantu 1. These winds are responsible for much of the weather changes across the United States and Canada. Land Breeze - Breeze that blows from the land towards a water body is called a land breeze. PERIODIC WINDS :- Periodic winds blow at regular intervals or in regular cycles. Periodic winds: Land and sea breeze, mountain and valley breeze. They are also called as permanent winds or the prevailing winds. Periodic winds. While this definition has been long known to all, there are any aspects to it which you must learn as a student of Physics. Local Winds: Local winds originate due to the difference between local relief and temperature and their effect is also local. Periodic winds are those winds that blow over a particular period of the year over a specific region and in a specific direction. On the other hand, a sea breeze carries moisture with it, as it blows from the ocean towards the land. These winds are limited upto particular region and local people give name of these winds. Periodic Winds: Periodic winds reverse their direction periodically with For example, monsoon winds. Secondary or Periodic Winds. Local winds. Indian Monsoon in detail: Follow the link. Monsoons occur over distances of thousands of kilometres and their two dominant patterns of wind flow act over an annual timescale. The above classification of winds is highly beneficial for students to get an overview of the winds. In the winter, the wind patterns reverse, as the ocean surfaces are now warmer. Answers: land breeze, Anemometer, Westerlies, Planetary. Planetary Winds or Trade Winds and Periodic Winds, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). Ans. Wind or breeze that blows from a water body towards the land is called a sea breeze. Planetary wind definition is - one of the major winds. In the diagram above, you can see the entire phenomenon explained and labelled clearly. After that, the cool air blowing around rushes there to fill the vacant place. The winds which change their direction with the changer in the season are called periodic or seasonal winds. These winds are named according to the direction from which they blow. Planetary winds are distributed all over the globe and blow in the same direction throughout the year,where as local winds have impact only in local area or a particular area like loo,chinnok etc.Trade wind blows from sub tropical high pressure belt to equatorial low pressure belt,however planetary wind also include trade wind.where as ocenic current is very much difference from these three because … Periodic Winds: The direction of these winds changes with the change of seasons. The winds that reverse their direction with the change of seasons are called. A common feature of the interaction between the planetary and stellar wind is the presence of a shock-like region where both winds meet. Seasonal winds: These winds change their direction in different seasons. During summer, the monsoon winds blow from the sea towards land and during winter from land towards seas. Periodic winds: Land and sea breeze, mountain, and valley breeze. These winds change their direction periodically as there is a change in the seasons. There are three main types of planetary winds - the trade winds, the westerlies and the easterlies. These winds include Trade winds, Westerlies and Polar Easterlies . Log in. Summer heating also causes the development of a strong latitudinal pressure gradient and the development of an easterly jet stream at an altitude of about 15 kilometres and a latitude of 25° North. Permanent winds or Primary winds or Prevailing winds or Planetary Winds. Ans. Why Do the Land and Sea Get Heated Differently? The different types of winds on earth are planetary winds, trade winds, periodic winds, local winds, and westerlies. This is a product of Mexus Education Pvt. ashu5510 04.12.2018 Social Sciences Secondary School +5 pts. For example monsoons in India. The air pressure is not the same across the planet Earth. Periodic winds: Land and sea breeze, mountain and valley breeze. With little solar energy available, the continents begin cooling rapidly as longwave radiation is emitted to space. Monsoon Winds are Periodic Winds. Planetary winds comprise winds distributed throughout the lower atmosphere. Westerlies are the examples of planetary winds. The ocean surface retains its heat energy longer because of water’s high specific heat and subsurface mixing. Secondary or Periodic Winds. Winds which blow throughout the year from one latitude to another in response to the latitudinal difference in pressure are known as planetary winds. Monsoon wind. What are the Different Types of Winds? You will be amazed to know that there are more than 3 types of winds. The winter monsoons bring clear dry weather and winds that flow from land to sea. For example, land and sea breezes and the seasonal wands. Simultaneously, you can also download our Vedantu app for easy access and an enriched learning experience. Their direction in the northern hemisphere is from north-east to southwest and from south-east to north-west in the southern hemisphere. The stand-off distance Period winds, seasonal winds or monsoons winds are the result of vast temperature differences between the hot summer and cold winter, where there are large land masses surrounded by water bodies. Join now. On the surface of the Earth, wind consists of the bulk movement of air. Local Winds: There are certain winds in different parts of the world which flowin comparativelysmall areas and have special Thesearecalled local windsand their nomenclature is usuallyderived from theregional language. You will be amazed to know that there are more than 3 types of winds. In some cases, this precipitation can be greatly intensified by orographic uplift. Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale. Pro Lite, Vedantu Local Winds: Local winds usually affect small areas and are confined to the lower levels of the troposphere. Ans. Stellar winds hint at how planetary nebulae get their stunning shapes Red giant stars reveal that planets or even other stars may influence the … Periodic winds – Monsoon breeze, Land breeze, Sea breeze, Mountain and valley breeze; Local winds; Planetary Winds. Join now. This difference gives rise to the formation of wind. India to Participate in Solidarity Trials. The Asiatic monsoon is the result of a complex climatic interaction between the distribution of land and water, topography, and tropical and mid-latitudinal circulation. Another prime reason for the formation of different types of wind is the unequal heating of the Earth’s surface. Planetary winds: The primary winds are known as Planetary winds. Some of the local winds are as follows: Land and Sea Breezes: Land and sea breezes are prevalent on the narrow strips along the coasts or a lake. The convergence of horizontal winds causes air to rise, whereas the divergence of horizontal winds causes downward motion of the air (subsidence). Join now. The polar easterlies is where the winds from 60 degrees latitude meet with the prevailing westerlies. Notably, you enjoy wind when it is blowing mildly or used for recreational purposes such as hot air balloons. Alongside, there are multiple types of winds that are classified based on their region of occurrence. However, during the night, the land cools down faster as a result of which, there is a pressure difference. Nov 4, 2017 - This video explains the phenomenon of Planetary as well as Periodic Wind System. They are also known by other names such as Furious Fifties, Shrieking Sixties, and Roaring Forties. Warm moist air is drawn into the thermal lows from air masses over the Indian Ocean. It flows in the Earth’s equatorial region (between … The different types of winds on earth are planetary winds, trade winds, periodic winds, local winds, and westerlies. The winds regularly blow throughout the year confined within latitudinal belts, mainly in north-east and south-east directions or from high-pressure polar-regions to low-pressure regions. Example: Trade winds, westerlies, easterlies. As a result of faster heating of land, the warm air over it rises up creating a vacuum. For more information on types of winds, you can check our online learning programs which cover every related topic in detail. For example monsoons in India. Permanent winds: They blow all around the year, that too in a specific direction. Local winds. Local winds. However, monsoons are different from land/sea breezes both spatially and temporally. The location where the planetary wind effectively stops the stellar wind, the stand-off distance, is the key in controlling the extent of the planetary magnetosphere, and it will depend on the pressure balance at this point. These in the southern hemisphere are deflected to the left and blow from the north-west. The winds that reverse their direction with the change of seasons are called monsoon winds. When autumn returns to Asia the thermal extremes between land and ocean decrease and the westerlies of the mid-latitudes move in. The combination of the two wind directions produces an upward motion. Ask your question. After knowing the different types of wind, it is also crucial to know what causes wind. There are types of permanent winds: Trade Winds – These are permanent winds flowing from east-to-west. Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. The equatorial regions receive direct sunlight due to which they get heated faster. Contrarily, the polar regions receive sunlight in a slanting manner, thereby leading to lesser heat. These winds change their direction after a particular time interval. . Pro Lite, Vedantu These winds blow over the vast area of the continents and oceans. This also gives rise to the formation of different types of winds. They blow over the vast area of continents and oceans. They also blow constantly in a particular direction. This could serve as a trick in remembering the two types of winds. These blow only during a particular period of the day or year in a small area. This also gives rise to the formation of different types of winds. 1. During summer, the monsoon winds blow from the sea towards land and during winter from land towards seas. Sublimation waves are periodic, linear and transverse bedforms that grow by sublimation of icy substrates under turbulent winds. They are classified as follows - Trade winds. 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2020 difference between planetary winds and periodic winds