Changi POW camps: TNA index reference & location: WO 367. Sailed from Manila to Takao, Taiwan via Hong Kong on 3/10/44 arriving on 11/11/44 with 1100 POWs on board. In addition to those two hospitals, POWs were sometimes sent to nearby Army hospitals or hospitals that belonged to the companies where they worked. There is a great deal of evidence the ICRC did visit some camps which were made ‘presentable’ to them by the Japanese. In each camp, there was some facility like a simple clinic, but medical supplies were as scarce as they were among Japan's civilian population. WO356 and WO357 both cover war crimes by the Imperial Japanese army and navy. Few POW camp buildings were new. While in San Fernando, 15 weak or wounded prisoners were loaded on a truck, believing they would be taken to Bilibid for treatment. This prison was built for the British by American engineers in the 1930s, using Sing-Sing (New York USA) as a model. Initially, there were Japanese language lessons for officers, at first compulsory, then voluntary. It should be noted that only in the case of Japan ‘proper’ (i.e. The Geneva Convention of 1929 established the rules for the treatment of prisoners of war that were used in World War II. Pontianak POW camp, Pontianak (Dutch Borneo) Kalimantan, Balikpapan POW camp, Balikpapan (Dutch Borneo) Kalimantan, Tanjung Priok POW camp, Tanjung Priok (Java), Koan School, Batavia (modern Jakarta) (Java), Glodok Gaol, Golodok, a suburb of Batavia (modern Jakarta) (Java), Bicycle Camp, Batavia (modern Jakarta) (Java). Full titles read: "JAPAN'S PRISONERS" L/S''s of Chinese prisoners of war being searched by Japanese soldiers in Shanghai, China. Cofepow.org.uk is now making images of some original documentation and prisoner release/questionnaire forms. World War II - American Prisoners World War II - Prisoners of War from Canada Others to Follow. This was when the Japanese renamed her ‘Imbari maru’. The case of the Oryoku Maru collectively covers the seven-week voyages and fate of Allied POWs held in the Philippines, who survived the sinking of that ship in Subic Bay in December 1944, and the bombing of a second ship the Enoura Maru, in the harbour of Takao, January 1945, and the Brazil Maru which transported the last surviving Allied POWs to Moji, Japan. On September 18th, 1944, when sailing from Tangjung Priok, Java to Padang, Sumatra, Junyo Maru was torpedoed west off Sumatra, Mukomuko by the British submarine HMS Tradewind. The worst problem for prisoners in all North-east Asian camps was enduring the extreme cold in an undernourished state. The real Band of Brothers: The untold story of the US... Ghost town Frankfurt: 70,000 flee city in Germany's biggest... Supercars with fire-blasting exhausts block London roads, Last words on platform before Prince William and Kate board train, Huge crowds gather at Christmas market in Tier 3 Nottingham, Fireworks explode as market in Rostov-on-Don catches fire, Buyer shows off M&S's new £18 light-up Christmas 'bling gin', 'Traveller gathering' seen outside of Harrods in central London, CCTV captures shocking moment teenagers attack man in Wales, LAPD clash with protesters outside Mayor Garcetti's home, Don't look down! An island at the south of Singapore Island itself and the nearby beach was the scene of the infamous executions of those POWs who attempted escaped from Selerang POW camp in Changi province. 15/5/42 Some 2000 Dutch & British POWs from Sumatra were transported to Mergui, Burma. Soviet troops seized and imprisoned more than half a million Japanese troops and civilians in China and other places. sailed from Singapore on 16 May 43. 73 Jaokunnen Rd, Ban Nua, Kanchanaburi 71000 Thailand, WO356 index numbers for specific camps within the National Archives. Approximately 3,500 POWs died in Japan while they were imprisoned. Roofs of the POW camps were marked with the letters ‘PW’ and relief supplies were dropped by parachute using US Navy fighter-bombers and US Air Force B-29 heavy bombers. As the Tamahoko (6,780 tons) settled in the water, hundreds of prisoners jumped into the sea and soon a Japanese whale-chaser appeared and started picking up survivors. 25/10/42 1100 British POWs taken to Takao, Taiwan from Singapore. CHANGI POW CAMP was opened after Singapore's fall on February 15th 1942 and was the main camp for the captured British and Commonwealth forces. The standard work schedule was eight hours a day with one day a week off, but POWs were often forced to work longer. In all of the industries where POWs were assigned, their work consisted mostly of simple physical labour, such as carrying raw materials or goods, loading, unloading, construction work, and mining. The Thailand-Burma railway was a 258 mile (415km) track route covering the distance between Bangkok Thailand and Rangoon Burma, it was built using slave labour under the control of the Japanese army during the period 1942-45. Two U.S. army nurses were among the internees. Carried 74 officers and government officials of the Dutch East Indies from Singapore to Formosa departing January 10th & taking 26 days in 1943. It began in December 1941 when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Singapore and Hong Kong as well as U.S. military bases at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and the Philippines. Rear Admiral Hatakeyama was found to have ordered the Laha massacres, however, he died before he could be tried. Starting in May 1942 battalions of men 600 strong were transported from Changi (in Singapore) via metal box cars holding up to 30 in cramped and near exhaustive heat on the railway to Thailand and the arrival station for most was Ban Pong. The ship contained many injured service personnel and 64 Australian nurses of the 2/13th Australian General Hospital. Dubai Prince climbs world's tallest building, James Cleverly evades questions on vaccine ID being 'Covid passport', Underground festival in Mexico hosts thousands of people, Sex attacker casually jogs up behind victim before launching assault. By July the details of the agreement with the Japanese had been finalised for the exchange to take place at Lourenço Marques, in Portuguese East Africa. The camps were mainly set up in mines and the industrial areas such as Keihin (Tokyo and Yokohama), and Hanshin (Osaka and Kobe). There, about 1,000 of the survivors were loaded on another Japanese ship, the Enoura Maru, while the rest boarded the smaller Brazil Maru. The engines were rated at 475 hp (354 kW). On Borneo there were Japanese-run internment camps at Batu Lintang, Kuching, Sarawak, Jesselton (later Kota Kinabalu), Sandakan and briefly on Labuan island. Situated in Kowloon district, this camp was the largest in Hong Kong and the main place where both professional soldiers and the Hong Kong volunteer defence corps were imprisoned during the Japanese occupation. In some camps, there were canteens where the POWs could buy simple daily necessities. Companies paid the total wages to the accountant officer of the Japanese Army, who gave it to a POW officer, who paid the POWs. Along with the rest of the 24th Group, he ended up at Bataan, where he flew the last combat mission on April 8, 1942. The National Archive has a large number (56,000 –not a complete set) of: ‘Japanese POW index cards 1942-1945 within its collections (not digital) these are held in Catalogue WO345. *The so-called 'INDIAN NATIONAL ARMY', was an armed force formed to secure Indian independence with Japanese assistance and was largely, at this time, composed of ex Indian (British) army soldiers captured with the other commonwealth troops. Most were moved in groups named 'Forces' named from A to L in order of departure (see Destinations). However, on January 9, the Enoura Maru was bombed and disabled while in harbour, killing about 350 men. A Dutch-built ship of 2071 tonnes, launched in 1900. There, about 1,000 of the survivors were loaded on another Japanese ship, the Enoura Maru, while the rest boarded the smaller Brazil Maru. The Brazil Maru travelling with the Enoura Maru carried all surviving POWs of Oryoku Maru, Later Brazil would also carry the survivors from the Enoura Maru when she too was sunk. In most cases, a Japanese style multiperson bathing facility was provided, but there were camps where it was unavailable due to the general shortage of fuel. Unlike weapons and supply transports (which were sometimes marked as Red Cross ships), these prisoner transports were unmarked and were targeted by Allied submarines and aircraft very often the majority of these ships were sunk by the end of the war. Changi was not just one camp but up to seven prisoner-of-war (POW) and internee camps. The Geneva Convention of 1929 established the rules for the treatment of prisoners of war that were used in World War II. Had he not committed suicide, Suga would certainly have been found guilty of war crimes and executed. He handed out beatings to men who worked on the Death Railway in Burma and beheaded one British PoW in full view of his colleagues for trying to escape. News of those held in the Dutch East Indies seems to have been withheld the longest. 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