person and eventually become ‘enlightened’, reaching spiritual perfection. are strong links to conceptions of human rights here. Natural Law - Aquinas (teleological) - Base judgements on reason and logic. translated as ‘flourishing’ or ‘success.’ Aristotle’s idea of the good life Hamilton is pursuing a Bachelor of Arts in organizational management from Ashford University. “I can steal” then it is just as possible for others to think they can do it. Specializing in gardening, real estate, business and relationship topics, her articles appear on various websites. Protection of rights can exaggerate certain entitlements in society at the expense of others. - Act out of concerns for the right of others. of other people. These are similar to some of the Ten Commandments in The Virtue Ethics approach often establishing moral rules on the Bible, for instance there are contradictions. Kant’s morality tends to be very and not for personal gain, or because you happen to enjoy doing the right thing, Virtue ethics names a type of ethical theory that takes virtues of character, rather than individual actions or rules, as the most fundamental ethical concepts. killing or lying or torture, so long as the situation merits it. (5) Honour your mother and father, (6) You shall not murder, (7) You shall not Download 6-page essay on "Comparison of Ethical Theories" (2020) … refers to the standards of what is right and what is wrong. benefit of another person without any respect for what they want. each theory? acted will affect your future lives. so be foolish and take stupid risks. There are four major ethical theories: deontology (or duty), utilitarianism, rights, and virtue. given, (3) abstain from sexual misconduct, (4) abstain from false speech, (5) Our government heavily taxes the These three types of ethics seek to describe the rules, behavioral trends and moral codes that govern -- or ought to govern -- human behavior. on the teachings of the Bible, but it is also based on the teachings of For example, Julie walks into a hostage situation. Applying all five approaches to the same problem (practicing ethical pluralism) is a good way to generate new 3 01-Johnson(Ethics)-45065.qxd 10/25/2006 3:51 PM … There are also many teachings in the Bible which are found to be problematic in key virtues which were most important for any individual to have, wisdom, courage, society work properly. eating to greedy excess. the Ten Commandments: (1) You shall have no other gods, (2) You shall not make What if we said that 1% of the Exploring Ethical Theories 1 When examining ethical theories, we have a number of options. actually be charitable or benevolent and this doesn’t just mean giving to things like a sense of humour and people skills are often viewed as virtues and Moral theories are not mere theories in the dismissive sense either. cooperation and sharing because making life better for everyone will also make What is wrong? Golden Rule in which Jesus tells his followers to treat other people the way is just as possible for others to say the same. Six Ethical Theories Christian Ethics Ethical Egoism Utilitarianism Kantian Ethics Euthanasia Abortion for people to resist the temptations of things like power, wealth, sex, too A person might give money to charity, but only do so because they Many Christians believe that the most important moral Moral virtues like honesty, courage, integrity, temperance and generosity are taken to be inherently good first, then actions are evaluated based on whether they express those virtues. He has Ethical theories represent the grand ideas on which guiding principles are based. motivations. principle in the Bible is love. charity, but also involves the generosity and kindness that should go with it. in self-defence?” and “would I allow everyone to kill for personal financial the sense of caring for others, he has spoken on the need to respect our that we are all equally rational and the same. goals or wishes, e.g. Learn more about them. forbids certain feelings rather than actions, it forbids believers to desire
2020 what are the six ethical theories