(Español • français • português) The Government of Ghana must declare Atewa Forest a National Park, to protect it from bauxite mining. The country shares borders with Côte Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. However, an estimated 90% of the vegetables used in Ghana are generally restricted to local or ethnic groups. The range of native plants is very diverse. Kumasi is the former capital of Ghana’s Ashanti Kingdom in southern-central Ghana. The Ashanti are famous artisans, their gold jewelry and trinkets are famous throughout the world, as is their Kente cloth and wood-carved stools. Kwame Appah / EyeEm / Getty Images Capital City: The capital of Ghana is Accra, located on the country's southern shore. All files are created as illustrator vector files. Geography: With a total area of 92,098 miles/ 238,533 square kilometers, Ghana is similar in size to the United Kingdom. In the coming year we’ll add more plants to this list. Location and Geography. This is because the nutrients are stored in the vast numbers of trees and plants rather than in the soil. Vegetation is an important natural resource that has helped the man with the provision of materials from some special trees by special means. km. Trade was facilitated by the abundance of iron, copper, … Also, the tree accounts for 70% of the total plant species of these forests. Ghana is a West African nation bordered by Ivory Coast to the west, Togo to the east, Burkina Faso to the north and Gulf of Guinea to the south. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. Cocoa tree /VCG Photo. Our Vegetation map series covers all countries of Africa individually. Drainage Features. The empire’s capital is believed to have been at Koumbi Saleh on the rim of the Sahara desert. It has three bordering countries that are Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, and Togo. This study investigated the impact of cocoa farming on vegetation in relation to three land‐use types of increasing cocoa production intensity from remnant native forest through shaded to unshaded cocoa farmlands in Ghana. Learn and revise how developmental indicators such as GDP and GNP measure the standard of living and development of country with BBC Bitesize KS3 Geography. It’s also easy to travel to some of Ghana’s other important cities – like Kumasi in the forested Ashanti region, and Tamale in the northern region. The land surface of 92,100 square miles (238,540 square kilometers) is dominated by the ancient Precambrian shield, which is rich in mineral resources, such as gold and diamonds. Vegetation … Plants that thrive in Ghana include grains, yams, cocoa, timber, oil palms, and kola nuts. Processes called erosion, mass movement and weathering break down and remove material from the coast. Ghana has one of the stronger economies of sub-Sahara Africa due to its array of natural resources. Ghana vegetation map. Accra is its capital and largest city. As one of roughly forty castles used to imprison enslaved people, Cape Coast Castle forms a central part of Ghana’s painful and complex history. Ghana is home to at least 3725 species of vascular plants, of which 1.2% are endemic. However, the exploitation of these resources, coupled with the overall lack of environmental awareness, has devastated the country's forests. Ghanaians have realized the importance of agriculture in Ghana and the government has put in place various inputs to assist in improving the sector. It extends for over 320 miles and can be seen from space. Importance of agriculture in Ghana. Cocoa tree /VCG Photo . World Facts Index > Ghana > Geography Map of Ghana. The area most affected by malnutrition is the savanna region of Ghana. The study used transects and forty‐two 25 m × 25 m vegetation plots. Since colonial times a number of studies have highlighted the medicinal uses of plants in Ghana (Dalziel, 1937; Irvine, 1961; Ayensu, 1978; Abbiw, 1990). Vegetables of national importance are listed in Table 1. Of the total, only the young leaves of Ghana’s official language is English. These are the foundation of agronomy in Ghana's economy. The vegetation map of Ghana clearly shows the kind of vegetation that grows in each part of the country. Geography: Ghana Is Essentially a Tropical Country, Though It Has 2 Very Distinct Split Seasons; Geography: Lake Volta in Ghana Is One of the Largest Man-made Lakes in the World ; Food: Cocoa Beans Are Ghana’s Largest Export Product; Economy: The Country Is the World’s 7th Largest Producer of Gold; Celebrity: Kofi Annan Was Born and Raised in Ghana and Began His Career There; … 4.6% of Ghana is protected under IUCN categories I-V. 2011 Update In May 2011, Sassan Saatchi of Caltech's Jet Propulsion Lab and colleagues published a paper in PNAS with new carbon stock estimates for global tropical forests. Lake Volta is the largest artificial lake in the world. Ghana has a large variety of native and introduced plants. By the late … To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Not connected geographically to the modern state of Ghana, the Ghana Empire was located in the western Sudan savannah region (modern southern Mauritania and Mali) sandwiched between the Sahara desert to the north and the rainforests to the south. 4) What is Ghana’s history? The Vegetation of Ghana Types of Vegetation Factors that Influence Vegetation Mineral Deposits in Ghana Summary Powered by GitBook. It is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Burkina Faso, Togo, and the Atlantic Ocean. The deciduous forest receives rainfall of 1500mm annually. A list of some of these vegetables is found in Table 2. Formerly known as ‘Gold Coast’, Ghana has interesting things to offer to the world. Forests in the southern part of Ghana are considered more economically viable than forests in the rest of the country. The forest class (represented primarily by Ghana’s dense evergreen rain forest and moist deciduous forest) shows a small decline in area from about 16,400 sq km in 1975 to 15,500 sq km in 2000, a reduction of 5 percent. Both of these destinations have international terminals. A Little Geography. Ghana’s economic development and eventual wealth was linked to the growth of regular and intensified trans-Saharan trade in gold, salt, and ivory, which allowed for the development of larger urban centers and encouraged territorial expansion to gain control over different trade routes. Indeed, IPPs are quickly catching up to public generation in terms of capacity. Tree roots bind the soil together, while the canopy protects the soil from heavy rains. It’s impossible to mention all the plants in Ghana in this post, which is why we have selected a number of plants. Native to the tropical regions of the Americas, cocoa has been cultivated worldwide for thousands of years. Drainage Features. Another important land cover change in Ghana is the degradation of forest. Facts About Ghana's Culture, Geography, and History. Indeed, the tropical rainforest accounts for 90% of all climbing species. Medicinal plants are of considerable importance to both rural and urban populations. Digital map means you can modify any color or any part of the map easily. It has an area of 238,533 square km. As of 2004, Ghana's forest cover was roughly 39.6%, the area under forests had increased dramatically which is partially due to the Ghanaian government emphasizing the importance of forest conservation. Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa and is a land of lowland hills. Cocoa tree. Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country located along the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. The participation of independent power producers (IPPs) in Ghana has continued to grow since the thermal Takoradi Power Station was first built in Aboadze in 2004. Most people who live in the area eat monotonous, staple-based diets that are deficient in essential micro-nutrients. Many factors affect the rates of coastal erosion and the landforms created. Ghana is located on the west coast of Africa, approximately midway between Senegal and Cameroon. Climbers or Creepers are the second important floral members of the rainforests. The Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th to 13th century CE. Geology, relief, climate, vegetation, soils, and the responses of people to the patterns of its biophysical resources through human land uses all tend to be arranged along east-west belts. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. They are beneficial not just for food, but also for medical purposes. However, if trees are removed from the forest, the nutrients are removed with it. Our collection of vegetation maps is a part of our reports for the African Development Bank. Ghana cedi (GHS) is its official currency. Some of this material are; plastic, gum, wood, and paper that stands as raw materials for producing seats, wiring, tire, ropes, books among others. Related products. To raise awareness of the country's natural resources, we will introduce three plants of great economic value to Ghana. Important Plants of Ghana Ghana is blessed with rich and fertile soil. As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies less … Agriculture is the main source of income for Ghanaians, and there are an abundant amount of indigenous trees and plants, as well as some imported ones, like cocoa. The Mayans believed cocoa was the food of the gods and the beans were used as currency. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. They are rivers, lakes, ponds, lagoons, dams, the sea and wetlands. Drainage refers to the distribution of water bodies in an area. Population: According to July 2016 estimates by the CIA World Factbook, Ghana has a population of almost 27 million people. Our vegetation map is a illustrator vector file. The diversity of plants is great enough that one hectare of land accounts for 40 to 100 species. When a tree dies and its trunk falls to the forest floor, it decays and the nutrients it contains are recycled. The number of Ghanaian students enrolled in degree programs abroad climbed from 8,964 in 2012 to 12,559 in 2017 ( UIS ) – an increase of 40 percent. Ghana, which lies in the center of the West African coast, shares borders with the three French-speaking nations of Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Togo to the east, and Burkina Faso (Burkina, formerly Upper Volta) to the north. Kumasi is Ghana’s second largest city with a population of around 1.5 million. 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