Since he came to power, it has become dangerous for an Ahmara person to even live in Oromia, to give a sense of the fractiousness that envelops the country. By … So, how did we get here? • Yohannes Woldemariam is an academic specialising in the Horn of Africa, People who fled fighting in northern Ethiopia tell of atrocities and gruelling journey to Sudan, PM Abiy Ahmed has implied operation will soon be over, but many leaders have found their planned short wars will not end quickly, Abiy Ahmed urges ‘peaceful’ end to three-week conflict after generals say civilians in the regional capital Mekelle will be shown ‘no mercy’, As conflicts rapidly unfold in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, the US, UK and European states are being increasingly sidelined, Available for everyone, funded by readers. NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Suddenly Ethiopia appears on the brink of civil war, threatening the stability of one of the world’s most strategic regions, the Horn of Africa, and the fracturing of one of Africa’s most powerful and populous countries.. Africa Ethiopia: A timeline of the Tigray crisis. Ethiopia calls global concern over civil war ‘unwelcome’ Communications remain almost completely severed to the Tigray region of some 6 million people. Last modified on Fri 20 Nov 2020 10.08 GMT. Then, on Nov. 4, Abiy ordered a military offensive after TPLF troops stormed the Northern Command, seizing control of the federal army base in Tigray’s capital Mekelle. Communications and power blackouts have also been reported as part of the collateral fallout. The humanitarian tragedy is already stretching across borders: 27,000 Ethiopians have crossed the frontier into Sudan in two weeks, the largest influx in 20 years. Lawmakers responded by cutting off TPLF from the federal government budget. News World Growing fears of civil war and genocide in Ethiopia as conflict escalates 6:12am, Nov 15, 2020 Updated: 10:01am, Nov 15 Growing fears of civil war and genocide in Ethiopia … Weeks of fighting have ensued since then as government forces seek to advance on Mekelle, a TPLF stronghold, to capture the party’s leaders. ... Nov. 24, 2020. Back to blood Ethiopia’s prime minister may be starting a civil war. By Wednesday, the number of refugees was up to more than 27,000. Abiy’s relationship with his TPLF partners deteriorated, with Tigrayan leaders retreating to Tigray or being asked to take a backseat role in a coalition that they had previously dominated. The Oromo Liberation Army, which broke off from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLA), has caused widespread damage in the region. Tigray staged elections for 152 regional parliamentary seats, angering Ethiopian officials who characterized them as “null and void.” Abiy repudiated them as illegal “shanty elections” and refused to recognize the votes, France 24, a state-owned French news outlet reported. That was the last straw for Abiy, who said of the attack, “the last red line had been crossed,” the BBC reported. Now, he is being asked to pull his own country back from the brink of civil war. He began by demonising the TPLF and calling their leaders “Yeken Jiboch”, or “daytime hyenas”. A powerful Tigray armed militia played a leading role in the revolutionary movement of the early 1990s, which gave the region nearly three decades of standing in the regime that supplanted Marxist rule. © 2020 Guardian News & Media Limited or its affiliated companies. The prospect of swaying hardened TPLF rebel forces to capitulate could be a fruitless effort, anyhow. Civil War in Ethiopia: Who, what, why? Eritrea, Tigray and Ethiopia’s brewing civil war. Ethiopia is a complex mosaic of ethnic groups, including – to use figures from the 2007 census – the Oromo (34%), Amhara (27%), Somalis (6.2%) and Tigray (6%). 'I saw people dying on the road': Tigray's traumatised war refugees, Analysis: why ‘final’ offensive may not end Ethiopian conflict, Ethiopian prime minister gives Tigrayan rebels 72 hours to surrender, If Ethiopia descends into chaos, it could take the Horn of Africa with it, Secret UN report reveals fears of long and bitter war in Ethiopia, Ethiopia fighting could drive 200,000 to Sudan in coming months, says UN, The Guardian view on war in Ethiopia: time is short, Why is Ethiopia facing civil war? Reuters described Tigray as an arid, mountainous region of northern Ethiopia steeped in a long tradition of guerilla warfare. Few believe the Tigrayans will accept second-class status again. Tensions between Abiy’s government and the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), once the dominant force in Ethiopia’s ruling party but now a disgruntled and well-armed regional government, have been gradually escalating for months. “Mediation at this point will only incentivize impunity,” Redwan Hussein, a senior government official told reporters on Nov. 16, according to Yahoo News. Despite comprising only 6% of Ethiopia’s population, Tigrayans have historically carried a significant proportion of federal power since leading the way to victory during the 1974 to 1991 Civil War. His liberal philosophy entailed commitments to privatising industry, freeing some political prisoners (lately, prisons have filled up again) and came packaged in a highly ambitious, messianic aura. Brewing tensions were heightened in September when Tigrayan leaders defied the prime minister’s order to postpone all elections through October due to COVID-19. Atlanta Black Star is a narrative company. We publish narratives intentionally and specifically to enlighten and transform the world. It is likely to define the very structure, character, and identity of the Ethiopian state for years. That all came to an end in 2018 when Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed rose to power on the heels of anti-government protests. Reuters described Tigray as an arid, mountainous region of northern Ethiopia steeped in a long tradition of guerilla warfare. They arrived at the camps after having walked for several days, exhausted and with nothing. ... Nov 7th 2020 I T STARTED ... which has a score to settle with the TPLF dating back to the war it fought with Ethiopia. Some report they’ve been forced to leave loved ones behind, others have seen family members killed. Tigray raises the stakes Ethiopia’s civil war is spreading outside its borders. Wednesday marked two weeks since internal war got underway between the Ethiopian military and armed rebel forces in the nation’s Tigray region. “Every effort should be made to keep children out of harm’s way, and to ensure that they are protected from recruitment and use in the conflict,” UNICEF chief Henrietta Fore said Thursday. So are the atrocities within the country. Civil war, ethnic tensions, and broken promises: The ongoing power struggle between Ethiopian … – video explainer. Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is struggling to hold a fragmented country together, as the government does battle with former coalition members, Thu 19 Nov 2020 17.11 GMT During a press briefing on Thursday, Nov. 19, a senior humanitarian official shared the “heartbreaking” toll of the war. To be clear: Abiy inherited this problem, he didn’t create it, but his management made it worse. ‘White Saviorism Is a Very Huge Issue’: White Spelman Student Offers Apology After Onslaught of Criticism for Her Tone In Celebrating Acceptance Letter, New Bill May Allow Black Farmers to Reclaim Millions of Acres, ‘Our Priorities Should Not Be Legalizing Drugs’: Republicans Criticize House Democrats for Passing Marijuana Decriminalization Bill That’s Unlikely to Become a Law. Today, his country is on the brink of civil war. From: UpFront Is Ethiopia on the brink of civil war? Neighboring nations have made calls for peace. There is a persistent violence from insurgents in Wollega, Benishangul, the Somali and Oromia regions. About 4,000 people have been streaming into Sudan each day. The conflict is most likely to descend into a fully fledged civil war if the military fragments. 2020 Tigray military intervention The Ethiopian Civil War was a civil war in Ethiopia and present day Eritrea, fought between the Ethiopian military junta communist governments and Ethio-Eritrean anti-government rebels from September 1974 to June 1991. Third, Ethiopia’s constitution recognises the right of ethnic communities to campaign for political autonomy, and secession is a constant topic of conversation in areas such as Tigray, the Somali region and Oromia. But even if he does manage to capture some of the TPLF leaders, there will be a new generation to take their place. “Many of the refugees left behind children, and parents,” said Babacar Cissé, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sudan. civil unrest Why Ethiopia is on the brink of a civil war The Ethiopian central government has launched a military offensive against forces of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front. Ethiopia Airlines accused of ethnic profiling over civil war with Tigray Sources say pilots, caterers, technicians and security guards told to hand in their badges and not to return to work Contribute to Atlanta Black Star today and help us share our narratives. The war between Abiy and the TPLF is particularly dangerous for three reasons. As such, the conflict risks overwhelming the state. For most of the 20th century, the country was ruled by an Amhara-dominated monarchy. The faction is being held … On 4 November, while the world was occupied with the US elections, Ethiopian prime minister Abiy Ahmed, winner of a Nobel peace prize for his role in trying to resolve the conflict with Eritrea, declared war on the TPLF, launching a military offensive in response to what he claims was an attack on the Northern Command, the most powerful division of the Ethiopian army. We discuss the conflict in Tigray with a minister from Abiy Ahmed’s government and a member of the TPLF. A war that many feared was possible, but hoped would never happen, appears to be under way between Ethiopia’s federal forces and those commanded by the northern Tigray region. Ethiopia Edges Toward Civil War As Federal Government Orders Attack On Tigray Region Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said forces of the Tigray People's Liberation Front, which controls Ethiopia… ADDIS ABABA Abiy – who is half Oromo, half Amhara – came to power in 2018, promising to hold elections by 2020. Ethiopia is approaching civil war as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister has ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government. november 2020: the brink of civil war As America wrapped up its Election Day, Abiy in the early morning hours of Nov. 4 announced that he had ordered the military to confront the well-armed Tigray regional government, accusing it of a deadly attack on a military base and declaring “the last red line has been crossed” after months of alleged provocations. All rights reserved. Over 5,000 refugees poured into the Sudanese provinces of Kassala and al-Qadarif on Sunday, Nov. 15 to escape the violence, the largest single-day influx since the conflict began, according to news outlets. They fear for their lives and the lives of their families. Ethiopia, led by a Nobel peace winner, is looking down the barrel of civil war Yohannes Woldemariam Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is struggling to hold a … Seeing families and children sleeping in the open was heartbreaking.”. Determined to assert their own authority, TPLF leaders went ahead with an election in Tigray, flouting Abiy’s instructions. Ethiopia approached civil war Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to confront the country's well-armed Tigray regional ... Ethiopia, on Jan. 4, 2020. But Ethiopian leaders showed no signs of relenting this week. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia (AP) — Ethiopia approached civil war on Wednesday as its Nobel Peace Prize-winning prime minister ordered the military to confront the country’s well-armed Tigray regional government, accusing it of a deadly attack on a military base and declaring “the last red line has been crossed” after months of alleged provocations. Here’s how you can help: https://t.co/Gqjv1rROZv pic.twitter.com/4Ur3eyKaMQ. According to U.N. officials, many of the refugees are young men who claim they’ve been targeted by armed forces. By Debora Patta Updated on: November 10, 2020 / 7:55 AM / CBS News The government oversaw a federal system, although critics saw this federalism as a figleaf, behind which the Tigray minority dominated affairs. Top officials are working with U.N. refugee agency UNHCR, the World Food Programme, the U.N. Children’s Fund and other international relief agencies to prepare camps find food and humanitarian aid for the asylum seekers. By nightfall on Sunday, Nov. 22, Prime Minister Ahmed signaled he was prepared to put that resolve to the test, surrounding Mekelle with tanks and tweeting a dire warning directed at the opposing fighters: “To members of the destructive TPLF clique, your journey of destruction is coming to an end, and we urge you to surrender peacefully within 72 hours, recognizing that you are at the point of no return.”. But the crisis in Ethiopia, a key U.S. security ally, has been building for months. Civil War Erupts In Ethiopia, ... 2020. The relationship finally broke down when Abiy announced plans to dissolve the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) coalition and replace it with his own Prosperity party, a new political vehicle that the TPLF refused to take part in. There are already reports of Tigrayan officers leaving the official Ethiopian army and joining the TPLF. The honeymoon period is well and truly over. These tensions had been simmering for some time, but reached a boiling point following Abiy’s decision to postpone scheduled general elections because of the coronavirus pandemic. After almost two decades of vicious military dictatorship, a new coalition government came to power in 1991. Abiy won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019. Rebel fighters from Mekelle, Tigray’s jewel city, stormed the nation’s capital Addis Adaba in 1991 to overthrow a Communist dictatorship. Nov 16th 2020. Mostly all of them have been forced to walk hundreds of miles toting their only earthly belongings, with no sense of security. Ethiopia’s Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the political party from the northern Tigray region that is battling the central government, has admitted to firing rockets at Asmara, the capital of neighbouring Eritrea. The U.N. expects over 200,000 Ethiopian refugees to vacate the Tigray region over the next six months. Special Episode: Ethiopia's Slide Toward Civil War. Second, Abiy will probably not win a decisive victory, as the TPLF has considerable military capacity and is used to protracted armed struggles, having come of age by waging guerrilla warfare against the Derg dictatorship in the 1970s and 80s. What we are witnessing is a tragedy, make no mistake about it. The confrontation between Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the Tigray State will have profound national and regional ramifications for decades to come. First, Ethiopia is plagued by a vicious sectarianism countrywide. Abiy is telling Ethiopians and the world that what is going on is a short law-and-order-type operation, which will end with the surrender or arrest of top TPLF leaders. What we’re seeing in Ethiopia might be the last gasps of an empire – akin to the dissolution of the former Soviet Union – for some 115 million people. “Nobody will kneel down here,” one Tigray resident told a Reuters reporter. Ethiopian leader rejects concerns of a brewing civil war as clashes reportedly leave hundreds dead. Thousands of people have been forced to flee Ethiopia’s Tigray region into Sudan. The fighting has taken its toll and led to a humanitarian crisis. “They did not have time to assemble their families and leave together. But the first signs of friction came in November 2019 when the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), the region’s ruling political party, refused to join a unified coalition Abiy established as the foundation of his democratic central government, according to Ethiopian monthly The Addis Standard. Middle East & Africa Nov 16th 2020 edition. United Nations officials announced Monday, Nov. 16, that more than 25,000 Tigrayans had sought refuge in neighboring Sudan as the internal crisis rages on. This dramatic escalation represents a major gamble on Abiy’s part. The political integrity of Africa’s second most-populous nation is at stake, as are the lives and livelihoods of tens of thousands of ordinary people – divided from each other by the dangerous allures and false consolations of ethnic absolutism. Less than a year ago, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accepted the Nobel Peace Prize. Lifesaving assistance is urgently needed. How Ethiopia reached the brink of civil war Updated / Wednesday, 11 Nov 2020 07:31 Members of the Amhara militia that fight alongside federal and regional forces against the … Ethiopia's prime minister Abiy Ahmed has said that concerns his country will descend into chaos are unfounded, but fears of an all-out civil war continue to grow. Sign up to receive The Atlanta Black Star Newsletter in your inbox. Fears grow fighting between Ethiopia’s federal army and Tigray forces could draw in outside involvement. 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